Windows 配置 Apache Python CGI

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提示:安装Apache可参考 https://jingyan.baidu.com/article/0eb457e53c019f03f1a905c7.html

 

1.  打开URL: https://www.apachehaus.com/cgi-bin/download.plx  下载Apache

 

  1. 解压文件 httpd-2.4.29-o102n-x64-vc14-r2.zip 到任意盘符(这里解压到C盘),打开 C:\httpd-2.4.29-o102n-x64-vc14-r2\Apache24\conf 路径下的 httpd.conf ,编辑其内容

#

# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the

# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.

# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.

# In particular, see

# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>

# for a discussion of each configuration directive.

#

# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding

# what they do.  They’re here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure

# consult the online docs. You have been warned. 

#

# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many

# of the server’s control files begin with “/” (or “drive:/” for Win32), the

# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin

# with “/”, the value of ServerRoot is prepended — so “logs/access_log”

# with ServerRoot set to “/usr/local/apache2” will be interpreted by the

# server as “/usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log”, whereas “/logs/access_log”

# will be interpreted as ‘/logs/access_log’.

#

# NOTE: Where filenames are specified, you must use forward slashes

# instead of backslashes (e.g., “c:/apache” instead of “c:\apache”).

# If a drive letter is omitted, the drive on which httpd.exe is located

# will be used by default.  It is recommended that you always supply

# an explicit drive letter in absolute paths to avoid confusion.

 

#

# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server’s

# configuration, error, and log files are kept.

#

# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point

# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the

# Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the

# same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at

# least PidFile.

#

 

#Define SRVROOT “/Apache24”

#ServerRoot “${SRVROOT}”

# 修改为解压后的文件路径

Define SRVROOT “C:\Users\admin\Desktop\Apache24”
ServerRoot “${SRVROOT}”

 

#

# Mutex: Allows you to set the mutex mechanism and mutex file directory

# for individual mutexes, or change the global defaults

#

# Uncomment and change the directory if mutexes are file-based and the default

# mutex file directory is not on a local disk or is not appropriate for some

# other reason.

#

# Mutex default:logs

 

#

# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or

# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>

# directive.

#

# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to

# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.

#

#Listen 12.34.56.78:80

# 如果是在windows上安装apache的话,应该改用一个没有用过的端口防止冲突,80端口已给IIS用过

#Listen 80

Listen 8008

 

#

# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support

#

# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you

# have to place corresponding `LoadModule’ lines at this location so the

# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.

# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l’) do not need

# to be loaded here.

#

# Example:

# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so

#

#LoadModule access_compat_module modules/mod_access_compat.so

LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so

LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so

LoadModule allowmethods_module modules/mod_allowmethods.so

LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so

LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so

#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so

#LoadModule auth_form_module modules/mod_auth_form.so

#LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so

LoadModule authn_core_module modules/mod_authn_core.so

#LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so

#LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so

LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so

#LoadModule authn_socache_module modules/mod_authn_socache.so

#LoadModule authnz_fcgi_module modules/mod_authnz_fcgi.so

#LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so

LoadModule authz_core_module modules/mod_authz_core.so

#LoadModule authz_dbd_module modules/mod_authz_dbd.so

#LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so

LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so

LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so

#LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so

LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so

LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so

#LoadModule buffer_module modules/mod_buffer.so

#LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so

#LoadModule cache_disk_module modules/mod_cache_disk.so

#LoadModule cache_socache_module modules/mod_cache_socache.so

#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so

LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so

#LoadModule charset_lite_module modules/mod_charset_lite.so

#LoadModule data_module modules/mod_data.so

#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so

#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so

#LoadModule dav_lock_module modules/mod_dav_lock.so

#LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so

#LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so

LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so

#LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so

LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so

#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so

#LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so

#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so

#LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so

#LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so

#LoadModule heartbeat_module modules/mod_heartbeat.so

#LoadModule heartmonitor_module modules/mod_heartmonitor.so

#LoadModule http2_module modules/mod_http2.so

#LoadModule ident_module modules/mod_ident.so

#LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so

LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so

LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so

LoadModule isapi_module modules/mod_isapi.so

#LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so

#LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module modules/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so

#LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so

#LoadModule lbmethod_heartbeat_module modules/mod_lbmethod_heartbeat.so

#LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so

#LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so

LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so

#LoadModule log_debug_module modules/mod_log_debug.so

#LoadModule log_forensic_module modules/mod_log_forensic.so

#LoadModule lua_module modules/mod_lua.so

#LoadModule macro_module modules/mod_macro.so

LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so

#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so

LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so

#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so

#LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so

#LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so

#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so

#LoadModule proxy_express_module modules/mod_proxy_express.so

#LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so

#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so

#LoadModule proxy_html_module modules/mod_proxy_html.so

#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so

#LoadModule proxy_http2_module modules/mod_proxy_http2.so

#LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so

#LoadModule proxy_wstunnel_module modules/mod_proxy_wstunnel.so

#LoadModule ratelimit_module modules/mod_ratelimit.so

#LoadModule reflector_module modules/mod_reflector.so

#LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so

#LoadModule request_module modules/mod_request.so

#LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so

#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

#LoadModule sed_module modules/mod_sed.so

#LoadModule session_module modules/mod_session.so

#LoadModule session_cookie_module modules/mod_session_cookie.so

#LoadModule session_crypto_module modules/mod_session_crypto.so

#LoadModule session_dbd_module modules/mod_session_dbd.so

LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so

#LoadModule slotmem_plain_module modules/mod_slotmem_plain.so

#LoadModule slotmem_shm_module modules/mod_slotmem_shm.so

#LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so

#LoadModule socache_memcache_module modules/mod_socache_memcache.so

LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so

#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so

LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so

LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so

#LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so

#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so

#LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so

#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so

#LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so

#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so

#LoadModule watchdog_module modules/mod_watchdog.so

#LoadModule xml2enc_module modules/mod_xml2enc.so

 

<IfModule unixd_module>

#

# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run

# httpd as root initially and it will switch. 

#

# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.

# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for

# running httpd, as with most system services.

#

User daemon

Group daemon

 

</IfModule>

 

# ‘Main’ server configuration

#

# The directives in this section set up the values used by the ‘main’

# server, which responds to any requests that aren’t handled by a

# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for

# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.

#

# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,

# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the

# virtual host being defined.

#

 

#

# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be

# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such

# as error documents.  e.g. [email protected]

#

ServerAdmin [email protected]

 

#

# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.

# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify

# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.

#

# If your host doesn’t have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.

#

#ServerName localhost:80

ServerName localhost:8008

 

#

# Deny access to the entirety of your server’s filesystem. You must

# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other

# <Directory> blocks below.

#

#<Directory />

#    AllowOverride none

#    Require all denied

#</Directory>

 

#

# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow

# particular features to be enabled – so if something’s not working as

# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it

# below.

#

 

#

# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your

# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but

# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

#

DocumentRoot “${SRVROOT}/htdocs”

<Directory “${SRVROOT}/htdocs”>

    #

    # Possible values for the Options directive are “None”, “All”,

    # or any combination of:

    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

    #

    # Note that “MultiViews” must be named *explicitly* — “Options All”

    # doesn’t give it to you.

    #

    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see

    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options

    # for more information.

    #

    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

 

    #

    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.

    # It can be “All”, “None”, or any combination of the keywords:

    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit

    #

    AllowOverride None

 

    #

    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.

    #

    Require all granted

</Directory>

 

#

# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory

# is requested.

#

<IfModule dir_module>

    DirectoryIndex index.html

</IfModule>

 

#

# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being

# viewed by Web clients.

#

<Files “.ht*”>

    Require all denied

</Files>

 

#

# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.

# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>

# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be

# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>

# container, that host’s errors will be logged there and not here.

#

ErrorLog “logs/error.log”

 

#

# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.

# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,

# alert, emerg.

#

LogLevel warn

 

<IfModule log_config_module>

    #

    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with

    # a CustomLog directive (see below).

    #

    LogFormat “%h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b \”%{Referer}i\” \”%{User-Agent}i\”” combined

    LogFormat “%h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b” common

 

    <IfModule logio_module>

      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O

      LogFormat “%h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b \”%{Referer}i\” \”%{User-Agent}i\” %I %O” combinedio

    </IfModule>

 

    #

    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).

    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>

    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*

    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be

    # logged therein and *not* in this file.

    #

    CustomLog “logs/access.log” common

 

    #

    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information

    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.

    #

    #CustomLog “logs/access.log” combined

</IfModule>

 

<IfModule alias_module>

    #

    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to

    # exist in your server’s namespace, but do not anymore. The client

    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.

    # Example:

    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

 

    #

    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to

    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.

    # Example:

    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path

    #

    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will

    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely

    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to

    # the filesystem path.

 

    #

    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.

    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that

    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and

    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the

    # client.  The same rules about trailing “/” apply to ScriptAlias

    # directives as to Alias.

    #

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ “${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin/”   

 

</IfModule>

 

<IfModule cgid_module>

    #

    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX

    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.

    #

    #Scriptsock logs/cgisock

</IfModule>

 

#

# “${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin” should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased

# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.

#

 

#<Directory “${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin”>

#    AllowOverride None

#    Options None

#    Require all granted

#</Directory>

#

 

<Directory “${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin”>

    #AllowOverride None 

    AllowOverride all

    Options all

    #Options Indexes ExecCGI

    #Order allow,deny

    #Allow from all

    #Options None

    #Order allow,deny

    #Allow from all

    AddHandler cgi-script .py .cgi .pl 

    #Require all granted 

</Directory>  

 

 

<IfModule mime_module>

    #

    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from

    # filename extension to MIME-type.

    #

    TypesConfig conf/mime.types

 

    #

    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration

    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.

    #

    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz

    #

    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress

    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.

    #

    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z

    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #

    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you

    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:

    #

    AddType application/x-compress .Z

    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

 

    #

    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to “handlers”:

    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server

    # or added with the Action directive (see below)

    #

    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:

    # (You will also need to add “ExecCGI” to the “Options” directive.)

    #

    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl

    AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl .py

 

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):

    #AddHandler type-map var

 

    #

    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.

    #

    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):

    # (You will also need to add “Includes” to the “Options” directive.)

    #

    #AddType text/html .shtml

    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

</IfModule>

 

#

# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the

# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile

# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.

#

#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

 

#

# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:

# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects

#

# Some examples:

#ErrorDocument 500 “The server made a boo boo.”

#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html

#ErrorDocument 404 “/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl”

#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html

#

 

#

# MaxRanges: Maximum number of Ranges in a request before

# returning the entire resource, or one of the special

# values ‘default’, ‘none’ or ‘unlimited’.

# Default setting is to accept 200 Ranges.

#MaxRanges unlimited

 

#

# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,

# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver

# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must

# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted

# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise

# broken on your system.

# Defaults: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off

#

#EnableMMAP off

#EnableSendfile on

 

#AcceptFilter http none

#AcceptFilter https none

 

# Supplemental configuration

#

# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be

# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of

# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as

# necessary.

 

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)

#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

 

# Multi-language error messages

#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

 

# Fancy directory listings

Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

 

# Language settings

#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

 

# User home directories

#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

 

# Real-time info on requests and configuration

Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

 

# Virtual hosts

# Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

 

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual

#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

 

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)

#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

 

# Various default settings

#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

 

# Configure mod_proxy_html to understand HTML4/XHTML1

<IfModule proxy_html_module>

Include conf/extra/httpd-proxy-html.conf

</IfModule>

 

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections

# Note: The following must must be present to support

#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent

#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.

#

<IfModule ssl_module>

#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

Include conf/extra/httpd-ahssl.conf

SSLRandomSeed startup builtin

SSLRandomSeed connect builtin

</IfModule>

<IfModule http2_module>

    ProtocolsHonorOrder On

    Protocols h2 h2c http/1.1

</IfModule>

 

 

  1. 运行 cmd 以管理员身份进入 C:\httpd-2.4.29-o102n-x64-vc14-r2\Apache24\bin 运行命令如下

httpd.exe -k install

 

  1. 打开Apache服务监控 C:\httpd-2.4.29-o102n-x64-vc14-r2\Apache24\bin\ApacheMonitor.exe

 

 

 

  1. 打开URL: http://localhost:8008/  查看Apache网页服务是否正常,如下显示正常而不是错误页面。

 

  1. 在目录下建立python cgi 测试文件,测试内容如下

#!C:\Python27\python.exe  

#coding=utf-8

 

print “Content-type:text/html\r\n\r\n”

print ‘<html>’

print ‘<head>’

print ‘<title>Hello Word – First CGI Program</title>’

print ‘</head>’

print ‘<body>’

print ‘<h2>Hello Word! This is my first CGI program</h2>’

print ‘</body>’

print ‘</html>’

 

 

  1. 打开浏览器执行 python cgi 的文件 http://localhost:8008/cgi-bin/hellp.py 如下所示

分类: Python

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